Verse-by-Verse Commentaries:

Peter H. Davids, James (NIGTC), Eerdmans, 1982.***
Luke Timothy Johnson
, The Letter of James (Anchor Bible, 37A), Doubleday, 1995. ****
________ "James" in
The New Interpreter's Bible, vol. XII, Abingdon, 1998.

Monographs, Compilations, and Studies:

Richard Bauckham, James: The Wisdom of James Disciple of Jesus the Sage (New Testament Readings), Routledge, 1999.***1/2
Timothy B. Cargal, Restoring the Diaspora: Discursive Structure and Purpose in the Epistle of James (SBL Dis, ), Scholars Press,
____ 1993.****
S. H. Ong, A Strategy for a Metaphorical Reading of the Epistle of James, University of America Press, 1996.***
Todd C. Penner, The Epistle of James and Eschatology (JSNT Supplement Series, 121), Cornell University Press, 1996. ***

Articles and Essays:

Gary M. Burge, " 'And Threw Them Thus on Paper': Recovering the Poetic Form of James 2:14-26," Studia Biblica et Theologica 7
____ (1977): 31-45.
James M. Reese, "The Exegete as Sage: Hearing the Message of James," Biblical Theology Bulletin 12 (1982): 82-85.
Massey H. Shepherd, "The Epistle of James and the Gospel of Matthew.," JBL 75 (1956): 40-51.
Ralph Bruce Terry, "Some Aspects of the Discourse Structure of the Book of James," Journal of Translation and Textlinguistics 5.2
____ (1992): 106-125.
Lauri Thurén, "Risky Rhetoric in James?" Novum Testamentum 37 (1995): 262-284.
Kenneth D. Tollefson, "The Epistle of James as Dialectical Discourse," Biblical Theology Bulletin 27 (1997): 62-69.
Michael J. Townsend, "Christ, Community, and Salvation in the Epistle of James," Evangelical Quarterly 53 (1981): 115-123.
Duane F. Watson, "The Rhetoric of James 3:1-12 and a Classical Pattern of Argumentation," Novum Testamentum 35 (1993): 48-64.

Optional Reading:


Martin Dibelius, A Commentary on the Epistle of James (Hermenia), Fortress, 1976.***
Sophie Laws, A Commentary on the Epistle of James (Black's), Hendrickson, 1980.***
Ralph Martin,
James (Word), Word Books, 1988.***
Douglas Moo, The Letter of James (Pillar), Eerdmans, 2000.***
David P. Nystrom,
James (NIV Application), Zondervan, 1997.
James H. Ropes, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle of St. James (ICC), T & T Clark, 1948.
David P. Scaer, James the Apostle of Faith: A Primary Christological Epistle for the Persecuted Church (Concordia), Concordia Pub. House,
____ 1983.


William R. Baker, Personal Speech-Ethics in the Epistle of James (WUNT II, 68), J. C. B. Mohr, 1995.***
J. A. Motyer, The Tests of Faith, Inter Varsity, 1970.
Robert Wall, Community of the Wise: The Letter of James (New Testament in Context), Trinity, 1996.***


William R. Baker, " 'Above All Else': Contexts of the Call for Verbal Integrity in James 5:12," JSNT 54 (1994): 57-71.
Richard J. Bauckham, "James, 1 and 2 Peter, Jude" in It is Written: Scripture Citing Scripture: Essays in Honour of Barnabas Lindars, SSF
____ (ed. D. A. Carson and H. G. M. Williamson), Cambridge University Press, 1988: 303-317.
Clifford John Collins, "Coherence in James 1:19-27," Journal of Translation and Textlinguistics 10 (1998): 80-88.
Charles E. B. Cranfield, "The Message of James." Scottish Journal of Theology 18 (1965): 182-193; 338-345. (two parts)
Robert B. Crotty, "The Literary Structure of the Letter of James," Australian Biblical Review 40 (1992): 45-57.
R. Alan Culpepper, "The Power of Words and the Tests of Two Wisdoms: James 3." Review and Expositor 83.3 (1986): 405-417.
Peter H. Davids, "Theological Perspectives on the Epistle of James," JETS 23 (1980): 97-103.
________ "Tradition and Citation in the Epistle of James" in Scripture, Tradition, and Interpretation (ed. W. W. Gasque), Eerdmans, 1978: 113-126.
Robert Eisenman, "Eschatological 'Rain' Imagery in the War Scroll from Qumran and in the Letter of James." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 49
____ (1990): 173-184.
Fred O. Francis, "The Form and Function of the Opening and Closing Paragraphs of James and 1 John," Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche
____ Wissenschaft und die Kunde der Alteren Kirche 61.1-2 (1970): 110-126.
Euan M. Fry, "The Testing of Faith: A Study of the Structure of the Book of James," Bible Translator 29 (1978): 427-435.
Ronald Y. K. Fung, "Justification in the Epistle of James" in Right with God: Justification in the Bible and the World (ed. D. A. Carson), Baker, 1992:
____ 146-162.
Garland, Dennis E. "Severe Trials, Good Gifts, and Pure Religion: James 1," Review and Expositor 83.3 (1986): 383-394.
Luke T. Johnson, "Friendship with the World--Friendship with God: A Study of Discipleship in James" in Discipleship in the New Testament
____ (ed. F. F. Segovia), Fortress, 1985: 166-183.
________ "James 3:13-4:10 and the Topos Peri Phthonou," Novum Testamentum 25 (1983): 327-347.
________ "The Use of Leviticus 19 in the Letter of James," JBL 101 (1982): 391-401.
J. A. Kirk, "The Meaning of Wisdom in James: Examination of a Hypothesis," New Testament Studies 16 (1969): 24-38.
Sophie S. Laws, "Does Scripture Speak in Vain? A Reconsideration of James 4:5," New Testament Studies 20 (1974): 210-215.
John G. Lodge, "James and Paul at Cross-Purposes: Jas 2:22," Biblica 62.2 (1981): 195-213.
Richard N. Longenecker, "The Faith of Abraham as Theme in Paul, James, and Hebrews: A Study in the Circumstantial Nature of New Testament
____ Teaching," JETS 20 (1977): 203-212.
Wiard Popkes, "James and Scripture: An Exercise in Intertextuality," New Testament Studies 45:2 (April 1999): 213-229.
O. Palmer Robertson, "Genesis 15:6: New Covenant Expositions of an Old Covenant Text," WTJ 42 (1980): 259-290.
Aida Besancon Spencer, "The Function of the Miserific and Beatific Images in the Letter of James," Evangelical Journal 7 (1989): 3-14.
George M. Stulac, "Who are 'the Rich' in James?" Presbyterion 16 (1990): 89-102.
Robert W. Wall, "The 'Perfect Law of Liberty' (James 1:25)" in The Quest for Context and Meaning (Biblical Interpretation Series, 28),
____ ed. Craig A. Evans, E. J. Brill, 1997: 475-497.
________ "James as Apocalyptic Paraenesis," Restoration Quarterly 32.1 (1990): 11-22.
________ "James, Letter of" in Dictionary of the Later New Testament and its Development (ed. R. P. Martin and D. H. Peters), Inter Varsity,
____ 1997: 545-561.
Keith Warrington, "The Significance of Elijah in James 5:13-18," Evangelical Quarterly 66 (1994): 217-227.
Duane F. Watson, "James 2 in Light of Greco-Roman Schemes of Argumentation," New Testament Studies 39 (1993): 94-121.

Still More Commentaries

Joseph B. Mayor, The Epistle of James, Macmillan, 1913.

Still More Monographs

James B. Adamson, James: The Man and His Message, Eerdmans, 1989.
Randall C. Webber, A Reader-Response Analysis of the Epistle of James, International Scholars Publications, 1996.